The range of insulation materials is very wide. Conventionally, they can be divided into sheet, roll, liquid.
Types of building materials
In modern construction, a variety of materials are used to insulate the balcony. The choice is determined by the glazing of the balcony / loggia, the area of the room, the financial capabilities of the apartment owners and the advantages / disadvantages of materials, fashion (clapboard balcony design has lost its former popularity).
Warming of a balcony with expanded clay
Warming of the balcony with expanded clay is distinguished by simple installation technology. Material advantages: low thermal conductivity, does not attract rodents, resistance to temperature extremes, harmless to humans. Cons: for high-quality insulation material is poured with a thick layer, which is unjustified in low premises.
It is more rational to buy inexpensive material, easy to use and efficient in operation. In order to correctly determine the choice, it is better to consult with professionals.
Most of the balconies are very modest in size, so it is easy to make a warming of balconies and loggias with your own hands using sheets of foam plastic. In the construction markets layers of different thickness are offered. What you need for insulation? Need a knife, glue, primer, dowels. For interior work it is quite suitable sheets with a thickness of 40 mm.
- All internal surfaces (starting from the ceiling, walls) are treated with a primer.
- Sheets of foam are pasted on the surface and additionally fixed with special dowels.
- The whole foam is covered with a 2-3 mm layer of glue.
- Glued reinforcing fiberglass mesh. All subsequent work is carried out after the glue has completely dried.
The final stages: the surface is covered with putty, and after drying - with plaster. As an option, you can glue the wallpaper.
To obtain high-quality warm room, it is important to follow the order of insulation. How to start warming? Initially, it is desirable to glaze the balcony / loggia with plastic structures (choose a two-chamber glass unit).
The preparatory work also includes the construction of a parapet of brick / blocks (if there was only an iron fence), as well as the installation of side walls. Be sure to perform a similar insulation of the balcony in the Khrushchev.
Warming of the balcony from the inside is carried out with various materials and methods. Loggia / balcony in the panel house can be improved with natural material. Sheathing clapboard walls, ceiling, floor. It is better to use coniferous wood for these purposes.
If you want to give the room a more modern look, the balcony is paneled. Such a finish does not need additional surface decoration and is inexpensive. It is easy to look after balcony plastic, besides a variety of shades and textures allows you to create interesting interiors.
Definitely glazing and insulation of the balcony inside can not guarantee good thermal insulation of the room. Important factors in the issue of heat conservation on the loggia are the location of the house (where the windows go), the direction and power of the winds. The advantages of the outer layer being insulated are the preservation of the interior of the room, less internal condensate is formed.