Owners of private houses and villas often increase living space due to the extension of the summer room or veranda. Here you can spend a pleasant tea in a circle of loved ones, arrange holidays or enjoy a relaxing holiday. In order to fully utilize additional square meters, not only in the warm season, but also in the fall and winter, it is necessary to make the insulation of the ceiling of the veranda, as well as take care of a selection of suitable finishing materials.
Features of the operation of the veranda
Repair and decoration of ceilings must be carried out taking into account some important requirements:
- The veranda should be easily operated, regardless of the living space. This is especially important on the outdoor terrace, which is not heated.
- Resistant to moisture. Atmospheric precipitation in the form of snow and rain leads to an increase in the humidity of the air, which can adversely affect the ceiling surface.
- Attractive appearance. This important condition must be observed, however, not all materials cope with the implementation of the aesthetic function.
Based on the specific conditions of use of the terrace, as well as on the requirements in relation to its appearance, materials suitable for indoor or outdoor premises are selected.
Thermal insulation of the ceiling surface
Initially, it is necessary to understand the scope of work and the necessary financial costs. This is especially important if the ceiling of the veranda is finished with the hands. Polystyrene foam, mineral wool, polystyrene foam, polyurethane foam are suitable for insulation. The most common and economical are foam and mineral wool. Their use will help to make the veranda warm and cozy.
It is important to consider in advance that the foam has a fairly large thickness - about 12 cm. This feature leads to a decrease in the floor space. Minvata has a higher heat retention. Its installation, in comparison with the previous material, is easier and faster. Thermal insulation with the use of an external coating of foil and double metallization will help to warm the terrace qualitatively without unnecessary financial expenses.
If the veranda is spacious, and the owner is going to use it in the winter, you should use the technology of combined heat insulation. To do this, apply the roll of mineral wool and sheet foam.
Before insulating the ceiling, it is necessary to perform the same procedure for the floor and walls. The surface is exposed to moisture, so it is important to create a reliable protection in the form of a waterproofing layer. Often, for this purpose, a special perforated film is used, which is fixed with metal-coated glue.
When installing a wooden structure and insulation, it is necessary to use protective glasses, since small chips can fall into the eyes.
The ceiling on the veranda must be covered with durable, durable materials that are not afraid of water, dust and drafts. The use of tensioning cloths is possible, but the fabric in this case must undergo preliminary processing. The coating is subject to mechanical damage, so it is best to use it in high rooms. The main advantages of stretch ceilings are the original appearance, the variety of colors and textures. Consider the most common options for finishing the ceiling veranda.
Perhaps the easiest and most cost-effective solution. Coloring compositions and whitewashing do not hide surface defects, therefore, it is first finished with plaster, and then carefully leveled. This will require additional materials, tools and time. The painted surface looks boring. A special textural composition that imitates various materials will help to correct the situation.
Inexpensive traditional version, which is not suitable for open cold verandas. Excess moisture will cause them to swell. To extend the life of the wallpaper, it is enough to cover the surface with a layer of varnish. A good way out of this situation would be to use special non-woven or vinyl wallpapers that are not afraid of water.
Ceiling decoration on the veranda is made using a variety of materials. Practicality and low cost - these are the main requirements that are placed on them by consumers. Finishing should be easy to install, have an attractive appearance and, if necessary, be replaced without extra effort. Such materials include the usual, as well as modern versions.
The constructions allow to insulate and sheathe the ceiling, hiding all necessary communications. Do not recommend the use of drywall, as moisture can damage it. To decorate the ceiling on the terrace, you can use a variety of hanging products:
- Rack. They look attractive, however, cause some inconvenience during installation and maintenance.
- Cassette. Made from aluminum or galvanized steel. The main advantages - durability, resistance to moisture, a pleasant appearance. The use of panels painted in different colors helps to create original interiors.
- Tiled. They are characterized by low cost, easily mounted on the ceiling, but do not look very interesting. Despite this, suspended plates are popular with consumers because of their high strength, low weight, durability, and high-quality thermal insulation.
- Mirror. Quite rarely the ceilings on the veranda are sewn up with just such panels. They look modern and quite bold, they require appropriate furnishings in the room.
The wooden lining is performed using natural lining, which creates a unique warmth and comfort. The material is harmoniously combined with almost any interior. With the installation you can cope on their own without the involvement of specialists. The result is a reliable, durable coating.
The main advantage of lining is its thorn-groove fixing system. When installing the boards are tightly joined and latched with fasteners. The trimmed surface turns out dense and tight. It is recommended to install the panels towards the window, which visually expands the space. Cross installation, on the contrary, reduces its size. Wiring and other communications can be placed under the lining boards. After the installation is completed, the panels are treated with deck varnish that protects against moisture.
The original solution will be a wicker ceiling on the veranda, which is in perfect harmony with garden furniture. The coating is practical and stylish.
Nowadays, you can independently hem the ceiling, using ordinary plywood. For a veranda with an area of 6x2.3 m, no more than 6 sheets of material with a thickness of 3 mm will be required. Preference should be given to the varieties of plywood, resistant to moisture. Sheets are neatly cut into strips 10 cm thick. If each tape turns out to be even and uniform, then the finished weaving will be beautiful and even.
Initially, work is performed on any flat surface. In good weather, weaving is conveniently done on the lawn, where you can freely expand all the necessary tools and materials.
The strips are staggered, with no fixers required. Tapes are connected with a rubber hammer. The material holds its shape well and looks unusual. The surface made in this way is pleasing to the eye and does not bother with time.
MDF and MDF plates
Characterized by high thermal insulation properties, have an attractive appearance. The presence of single and double lamination facilitates care. All that is required during operation is wiping the surface from dust. The color and texture of the material imitate natural wood, but they are much cheaper. The weight of the plates is low, so the installation is done using lightweight structures.
This is another inexpensive practical material. It does not look as beautiful as wood, but tolerates a moist environment. This allows you to use plastic panels in unheated rooms with a possible increase in humidity. The ceiling is smooth and smooth. Lightweight allows you to perform all installation work without any special difficulties. After installation, you must install a plinth that will mask all joints.
If you do not know how to hem the ceiling on the veranda of a private house or in the country, it is enough to choose the appropriate material from the list presented above. Practical, durable, attractive options do not necessarily cost much, today you can find a solution for every taste and budget.