Most often, the basement is finished using a special facade tile. It has excellent aesthetic qualities, is able to contain the destructive effects of precipitation and temperature changes, and also protects the facade from pollution. In addition, tile for finishing the base allows you to warm the walls. On the building materials market there is a wide choice of types of tiles for facing the basement, each of which is distinguished by its advantages and disadvantages.
The need to finish the cap
Laying the plinth tile is required before laying the façade cladding so that the upper mounting shelf can be hidden at low tide. Tiles for the basement of the house is the best option for this. Its installation does not require much time, special skills and abilities.
However, before choosing a material for finishing the basement, some points should be considered:
- the protruding part of the cap should be protected by reflux so that moisture does not fall;
- the upper part of the concrete must be pasted over with flexible thin tiles;
- to reduce heat loss can be placed inside the frame insulation;
- It is best to use a frame system for the design of the basement because of the possibility of repairing or updating it at any time.
In some cases, tiles for facing the basement of the house are used for the whole building. This option allows you to give the construction of a presentable appearance, besides the tile serves as additional insulation. However, in this case it is necessary to take into account the total weight of the exterior.
Choosing the type of tile for the base
Facing tiles can be carried out on the basis of various materials. When choosing them, you should take into account the material from which the house is built, as well as the external and operational characteristics of the cladding material. Practically any kind of decoration of the basement of the house is suitable for gas-block or brick structures, and the sheathing of a wooden house is most often performed with plastic tiles. Finishing the basement tile can be made on the basis of various materials, each of which has a number of advantages and disadvantages.
Facing stone base allows you to create a solid, massive and beautiful appearance of the house. The cost of natural stone is quite high, but its use allows you to not worry about repairing and replacing tiles for many years.
Stone-based trim tiles are only finished in the part in which it comes into contact with the wall. The front part is subjected to minimal processing in order to preserve the natural texture.
Tiles made of natural stone should be put on cement glue, after which the joints between them should be sealed with a special grout. Despite its excellent performance properties, even cobblestone tiles need to be treated every few years to improve its moisture-proof properties.
Facade lining with concrete tiles with imitation stone is very popular. Stone tiles are made on the basis of cement and sand with the addition of plasticizers to increase the strength and durability of the product. Stone tile has a good indicator of water resistance, so it can be washed. Plinth basement stone, shell rock or rock - the perfect solution for the design of the house in any style. The artificial stone, as well as natural, needs periodic processing by special structures for increase in moisture-resistant characteristics.
Concrete tile with imitation of a stone is put on a special glue solution for a stone. In order to create a feeling of a complete composition, the seams between the tiles are filled with an elastic grouting solution.
Brick tile for a socle on appearance of a campaign on a brick. For its production, purified clay is used, to which coloring components are added, as well as ingredients to enhance the characteristics of the finished brick tile. For the production of clinker tiles, the masses are laid out in special forms, after which the air is removed and the solution is compacted. The clinker tile is fired at temperatures above 1000 degrees, which allows all components to melt firmly together.
When the tile cools, it acquires a pre-selected color and a smooth glossy surface. To revet corners, special angular elements are made. Facing the basement with clinker tiles helps protect the facade and foundation from moisture, mechanical damage and pollution.
The clinker basement tile for the facade is installed on an elastic and frost-resistant adhesive solution that is applied to the tile and the base. Only in this case, you can provide a strong gluing. It is recommended to apply the solution only on a small area, which can be pasted over in 15-20 minutes. After a few days, the joints between the tiles should be sealed with a solution for clinker slaking. Laying tiles can be on almost any basis. The socle brick tile does not absorb moisture, therefore it does not need to be treated with moisture-resistant impregnation.
Polymer tiles are made from fine sand and special additives. Polymer sand tiles are used to finish the external walls of a private house. The basement lined with such material visually resembles a brick or a torn stone.
Polymer facade tile is lightweight, which makes it possible to use it for finishing even lightweight structures with a low bearing capacity. When facing the foundation and facade, this material does not give chipping and cracking due to the high degree of plasticity. In addition, these tiles on the base have a good indicator of moisture resistance, and therefore do not need additional processing.
To lay the facade and foundation with such material, it is necessary to attach the tiles with screws to the sheathing. Additionally, you can place a layer of insulation behind the lining.
Facing tiles for resin-based plinth can mimic sandstone or clinker bricks. It has a small thickness and weight. In addition, this facade plinth tile is also flexible, which allows it to be used for finishing arc-shaped surfaces and corners.
When working, the tile can be cut even with scissors, and working with it does not require special tools and skills. Decorative tiles can be installed on the thermal insulation layer, concrete or plaster. To coat the surface, a special glue is used, which is applied with a notched trowel. Laying tiles does not include the treatment of seams. The protruding glue acts as a fugu.
Ceramic granite tile for the basement is made on the basis of clay, iron, quartz sand and other environmentally friendly materials, so the ceramic tile is absolutely safe for humans. Modern technology allows you to make ceramic tiles solid material without pores and voids. It increases its moisture resistance, fire safety, and also heat-shielding qualities. The decoration of the basement with ceramics imitates natural stone, giving the house a noble and massive appearance.
Installation of the basement tile includes the installation of the frame, the installation of a layer of waterproofing and fixing porcelain stoneware to the basement. The frame is attached with screws, and the tile is attached to the frame with a thick layer of concrete.
Features of installation of various types of tiles
For facing the basement with special tiles, various methods are used, which depend on the choice of tile material. Installation work should always begin with surface preparation. It is necessary to clean the surface from contamination, as well as remove all irregularities. Wooden walls are leveled with bars of different thickness, and block or brick - by plastering.
Laying tiles depends on its type:
- For the laying of artificial or natural stone using a special adhesive mortar or cement glue. Glue is applied to each tile, after which it must be firmly pressed against the wall. The seams are filled with mortar. In some cases, it may be necessary to install additional reinforcement mesh.
- Clinker tiles are installed starting from the top row. When laying glue is applied to the tile and the wall, followed by grouting.
- Polymer tile is mounted on glue, after which it must be protected from moisture for three days. And only after that you can rub the seams.
Using different types of tiles for the basement will protect the house from moisture and pollution. When choosing the optimal type of tile, one should take into account the climate of a particular region, the weight and material of the structure, as well as the external characteristics of the material.